A guide to avoiding mistakes in concrete floor slab construction:
By properly preparing the base, selecting the concrete mix, placing, finishing, and curing the slab, mistakes in flooring construction can be avoided. The owner can expect a durable, attractive product if these steps are followed appropriately.
Residential construction typically uses concrete floor slabs with a thickness of 4 inches. Occasionally heavy loads, such as motorhomes or garbage trucks, should be supported by five to six inches of concrete.
To Prepare the base by cutting the ground level to the appropriate depth to allow for the thickness of the slab. To a depth of at least 4 inches, remove all organic materials and larger hard objects such as rocks and tree roots. The final base should be compacted with a vibratory plate or similar device if building up the grade is necessary. A straight piece of material may be used as the edge forms. In the absence of consistently straight lumber, plastic and metal forms may be appropriate. Before positioning the formwork, establish a level, square reference using grade stakes or batter boards.
During mixing, concrete must meet compression strength requirements (usually 3000 pounds per square inch) without causing excessive shrinkage. To achieve desired slump, a plasticizer is preferable since water increases shrinkage and cracking. Also, fibers can be incorporated to control shrinkage cracking. If the slabs are exposed to freezing weather or deicing chemicals, they may require greater strength and entrained air. Check with your concrete supplier to find out what mix to use.
Never add more than 1 or 2 gallons per cubic yard of water at the jobsite. Ask the mixer truck driver how much additional slump can be added without affecting the concrete's specifications if additional slump is truly required.
Concrete should be distributed as close as possible around the slab area, and then raked into place. Utilize a handheld vibrator or vibratory screed to consolidate low-slump mixes. The float should be finished with the minimum force needed to achieve a smooth surface.
Using a 1-inch deep grooving tool, groove the slab no more than 15 feet across and no farther apart than 24 to 30 times its thickness. The use of dowels or dowel plates is required when space between joints is greater than 15 feet. The use of steel reinforcement is recommended for slabs that have long joint spacings or have no joints. As a result, random cracking would be more likely, but cracks would be tightly held to ensure structural integrity.
When the finish surface is capable of withstanding damage, the curing method must be implemented immediately. Drying or freezing of the concrete is not permitted.
Alternatively, provide moist curing over the surface. If there is a freeze-thaw risk, cover the slab with an insulating material such as a blanket or a 4-inch layer of straw weighted down in order not to blow away. The insulator should remain in place until the concrete is 500 pounds per square inch strong. The process usually takes a few days.
A Los Angeles Concrete Contractor is a professional in the building services sector who specializes in the laying of concrete. These professionals are hired by construction companies and property developers to carry out the foundation, erection, and repair of buildings. They may also be hired to carry out other construction or finishing works which involve concrete. They are trained in a number of different areas, such as poured-in-place concrete, precast concrete, and concrete finishing.
They are also trained in concrete finishing, for example, such as polishing, grinding, and brush finishing. The concrete contractors typically work with the architect, structural engineer, and the builder to ensure that the concrete is installed properly and that it meets the required standards.