Construction companies most often use concrete for foundations of buildings. The use of concrete is also utilized in the construction of superstructures, such as structural concrete, slabs, stairways, and architectural features. There are many more ways in which concrete can be utilized in construction.
It is usually cast-in-place concrete that is used when referring to concrete work. Many foundations for structures are made from made-to-measure footings, walls, piers, and columns. They can also be made from surface drilled, earth bearing piers, caissons, or piles. Precast or tilt-up concrete is another way that concrete has been utilized in construction due to space constraints or time pressures, as well as increasing quality control.
Many types of structures can be constructed with concrete, including foundations, superstructures, wastewater treatment facilities, water treatment facilities, parking structures, floor structures, and exterior surfaces. Concrete form systems have evolved in recent years to improve the efficiency of concrete placement, allow for large quantities of concrete to be placed, and achieve desired architectural finishes.
A concrete job's quality can be determined by its appearance, the degree of consolidation, or its placement accuracy. But there is more to it than that. Concrete quality cannot be assured until the project is conceptualized and specific requirements regarding appropriate strength, concrete mix design ingredients, desired finishes, and constructability are included. Construction of concrete structures must consider appropriate reinforcing requirements, accessory requirements, desired and achievable strengths, historical information about materials being used, the placement of materials, and periodic strength trending analyses to ensure design parameters are met.
Concrete must also exhibit tolerance in addition to strength. Consolidating concrete and reinforcing coverage is crucial to avoiding structural corrections and removing in-place work. If the space is to be used for automated equipment, flatness is paramount for slab placements in large warehouses. To ensure the highest quality is achieved for the end user, it's imperative to properly plan concrete construction projects to ensure that the right materials and equipment are used.
Other construction materials or other components of the system are frequently interacted with. The reinforced concrete structures may also include anchor points for structural steel, embedded accessories, such as reinforcing couplings or embedded plates for steel, or support for masonry façades. Using concrete with other materials on a project is just one example of how concrete can be used. Nonetheless, it adds another level of importance to the importance of quality and accuracy of work so that structure or portions can be installed and completed so that other trades can do their work properly.
As the foundation for most construction, it is extremely important to understand all aspects of concrete from concept to completion to ensure a quality installation.